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List of Carcinogens

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Known and Suspected Carcinogens


The following chemicals are known or suspected carcinogens. This list has been compiled from a number of sources, but it is not (and cannot be) comprehensive. Therefore, the absence of a chemical from this list does not mean that it cannot have carcinogenic properties. Neither does the presence of a chemical in the list indicate that it is a proven carcinogen.

Source : The Physical and Theoretical Chemistry Laboratory, Oxford University.

B     C     D     E     F     G     H    I     J     K     L     M     N     O     P     Q     R     S    T    

U     V     W     X    Y     Z        


A

A-alpha-C (2-Amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole)
Acetaldehyde
Acetamide
Acetochlor
2-Acetylaminofluorene
Acifluorfen
Acrolein
Acrylamide
Acrylonitrile
Actinomycin D
Adriamycin (Doxorubicin hydrochloride)
AF-2;[2-(2-furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)]acrylamide
Aflatoxins
Agaritine
Alachlor
Aldrin
Allyl chloride
Aallyl isothiocyanae
Allyl isovalerate
Aluminium products
2-Aminoanthraquinone
p-Aminoazobenzene
o-Aminoazotoluene [solvent yellow 3]
4-Aminobiphenyl (4-aminodiphenyl)
3-Amino-9-ethylcarbazole hydrochloride
1-Amino-2-methylanthraquinone
2-Amino-5-(5-nitro-2-furyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole amino-5-nitrothiazole, 2- Amitrole
Analgesic mixtures containing phenacetin
Androgenic (anabolic) steroids
Aniline
ortho-Anisidine ortho-Anisidine hydrochloride
para-anisidine anthanthrene
Antimony oxide (antimony trioxide)
Aramite
Arsenic (inorganic arsenic compounds)
Asbestos
Auramine
Azaserine
Azathioprine
Azacitidine
Azobenzene
Azathioprine

B

Benz[a]anthracene
Benzene
Benzidine [and its salts]
Benzidine-based dyes
Benzo[b]fluoranthene
Benzo[j]fluoranthene
Benzo[k]fluoranthene
Benzofuran
Benzo[a]pyrene
Benzotrichloride
Benzyl chloride
Benzyl violet 4B
Beryllium and beryllium compounds
Bis(2-chloroethyl)ether
N,N-Bis(2-chloroethyl)-2- naphthylamine (Chlornapazine)
Bischloroethyl nitrosourea (BCNU) (Carmustine)
Bis(chloromethyl)ether and technical-grade chloromethyl methyl ether
Bitumens, extracts of steam-refined and air refined
Bleomycins
Bracken fern
Bromodichloromethane
Bromoform
1,3-Butadiene
1,4-Butanediol dimethanesulfonate (Busulfan, myleran)
Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA)
t-butyl methyl ether
beta-Butyrolactone

C

Cadmium and cadmium compounds
Caffeic acid
Captafol
Captan
Carbazole
Carbon tetrachloride
Carbon-black extracts
Carrageenan, degraded
Ceramic fibers (airborne particles of respirable size)
Chlorambucil
Chloramphenicol
chlorbenzilat
Chlordane
Chlordecone (Kepone)
Chlordimeform
Chlorendic acid
Chlorinated Parrafins
alpha-Chlorinated toluenes
p-Chloroaniline
Cchlormadinone aceate Chlornaphazine[n,n-bis(2-chloroethyl)-2-naphthylamine]
Chlorodibromomethane
Chloroethane (ethyl chloride)
1-(2-Chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU) (Lomustine)
1-(2-Chloroethyl)-3-(4-methylcyclohexyl)-1-nitrosourea (Methyl-CCNU)
Chloroform
Chloromethyl methyl ether
3-Chloro-2-methylpropene
4-Chloro-ortho-phenylenediamine
p-Chloro-o-toluidine
Chlorophenols
Chlorophenoxy herbicides
Cloroprene
Chlorothalonil
Chlorozotocin
Chromim
Chromium (hexavalent compounds)
Chrysene
C. I. Acid Red 114
C. I. Basic Red 9 monohydrochloride
Ciclosporin (Cyclosporin A; Cyclosporine)
Cinnamyl anthranilate
Cisplatin
Citrus Red No. 2
Clofibrate
Coal gasification products
Coal-tars and pitches
Cobalt metal powder
Cobalt [II] oxide
Conjugated estrogens
Creosotes
Crystal violet
para-Cresidine
cupferron
cycasin
cyclamates
1,4-cyclohexadiene
cyclophosphamide (anhydrous)
cyclophosphamide (hydrated)

D

D&C Orange No. 17
D&C Red No. 8
D&C Red No. 9
D&C Red No. 19
Dacarbazine
Daminozide
Dantron (Chrysazin; 1,8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone)
dapsone
Daunomycin
DCM
DDD (Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane)
DDE (Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene)
DDT (Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane)
DDVP (Dichlorvos)
decabromodiphyenyl oxide
N,N'-Diacetylbenzidine
2,4-Diaminoanisole
2,4-Diaminoanisole sulfate
4,4'-Diaminodiphenyl ether (4,4'-Oxydianiline)
2,4-Diaminotoluene
Diaminotoluene (mixed)
Dibenz[a,h]acridine
Dibenz[a,j]acridine
Dibenz[a,h]anthracene
7H-Dibenzo[c,g]carbazole
Dibenzo[a,e]pyrene
Dibenzo[a,h]pyrene
Dibenzo[a,i]pyrene
Dibenzo[a,l]pyrene
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane (DBCP)
1,2-Dibromoethane
2,3-Dibromo-1-propanol
p-Dichlorobenzene
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine dihydrochloride
1,4-Dichloro-2-butene
3,3'-Dichloro-4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether
1,1-Dichloroethane
1,2-Dichloroethane
Dichloromethane (Methylene chloride)
1,2-Dichloropropane
1,3-Dichloropropene
Dieldrin
Dienestrol
Diepoxybutane
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate
1,2-Diethylhydrazine
Diethyl sulfate
DES, Diethylstilbestrol
Diglycidyl resorcinol ether (DGRE)
Dihydrosafrole
Diisopropyl sulfate
3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine (ortho-Dianisidine)
3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine dihydrochloride (ortho-dianisidine
dihydrochloride)
para-Dimethylaminoazobenzene
4-Dimethylaminoazobenzene
trans-2-[(Dimethylamino)methylimino]-5-[2-(5-nitro-2-furyl)vinyl]-1,3,4 - oxadiazole
7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene
3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine (ortho-Tolidine)
3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine dihydrochloride
Dimethylcarbamoyl chloride
1,1-Dimethylhydrazine (UDMH)
1,2-Dimethylhydrazine
Dimethyl sulfate
Dimethylvinyl Chloride
1,6-Dinitropyrene
1,8-Dinitropyrene
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
2,6-Dinitrotoluene
1,4-Dioxane
Diphenylhydantoin (Phenytoin)
Diphenylhydantoin (Phenytoin), sodium salt
Direct Black 38
Direct Blue 6
Direct Brown 95
Disperse Blue 1

E

Epichlorohydrin
Erionite
Estradiol 17B
Estrogens (not conjugated)
 Estradiol-17
 Estrone
 Ethinylestradiol
 Mestranol
Estrone
Ethinylestradiol
Ethyl acrylate Ethyl methanesulfonate
Ethyl-4,4'-dichlorobenzilate
Ethylene dibromide
Ethylene dichloride (1,2-Dichloroethane)
N-Ethyl-N-nitrosourea
Ethylene oxide
Ethylene thiourea
Ethyleneimine

F

Folpet
Formaldehyde (gas or aqueous solution)
2-(2-Formylhydrazino)-4-(5-nitro-2-furyl) thiazole
Furan
Furazolidone
Furmecyclox
Fusarin C

G

Glasswool fibers (airborne particles of respirable size)
Glu-P-1 (2-Amino-6-methyldipyrido[1,2- a:3', 2'-d]imidazole)
Glu-P-2 (2-Aminodipyrido[1,2-a:3',2'-d]imidazole)
Glycidaldehyde
Glycidol
Griseofulvin
Gyromitrin (Acetaldehyde methylformylhydrazone)

H

HC Blue 1
Heptachlor
Heptachlor epoxide
Hexachlorobenzene
Hexachlorocyclohexanes
Hexachlorodibenzodioxin
Hexachloroethane
Hexamethylphosphoramide
Hydrazine
Hydrazine sulfate
Hydrazobenzene (1,2-Diphenylhydrazine)
Hydroxybutyric acid lactone

I

Indeno [1,2,3-cd]pyrene
Indium trichloride
IQ (2-Amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline)
Iron dextran complex
Isosafrole

K

Kepone (Chlordecone)

L

Lactofen
Lasiocarpine
Lead
Lead acetate
Lead phosphate
Lindane and other hexachlorocyclohexane isomers

M

Mancozeb
Maneb
Me-A-alpha-C (2-Amino-3-methyl-9H-pyrido[2, 3-b]indole)
Medroxyprogesterone acetate
MeIQ(2-Amino-3,4-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline)
MeIQx(2-Amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline)
Melphalan
Merphalan
Mestranol
2-Methylaziridine (Propyleneimine)
Methylazoxymethanol
Methylazoxymethanol acetate
3-Methylcholanthrene
5-Methylchrysene
4,4'-Methylene bis(2-chloroaniline) (MOCA)
4,4'-Methylene bis(N,N-dimethyl)benzenamine
4,4'-Methylene bis(2-methylaniline)
4,4'-Methylenedianiline
4,4'-Methylenedianiline dihydrochloride
Methylhydrazine and its salts
Methyl chloromethyl ether
Methyl-CCNU
Methyl iodide
Methyl methanesulfonate
2-Methyl-1-nitroanthraquinone
N-Methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)
N-Methyl-N-nitrosourea
N-Methylolacrylamide
Methylthiouracil
Metiram
Metronidazole
Michler's ketone Mineral Oils, untreated and mildly treated
Mirex
Mitomycin C
MOPP
Monocrotaline
5-(Morpholinomethyl)-3-[(5-nitro-fufurylidene)-amino]-2-oxazolidinone
Mustard gas

N

Nafenopin
1-Naphthylamine
2-Naphthylamine
3-Naphthylamine
Nickel and certain nickel compounds
Nickel carbonyl
Nickel subsulfide
Niridazole
Nitrilotriacetic acid
Nitrilotriacetic acid, trisodium salt monohydrate
5-Nitroacenaphthene
5-Nitroacenaphthene
5-Nitro-o-anisidine
o-Nitroanisole
4-Nitrobiphenyl
6-Nitrochrysene
Nitrofen
2-Nitrofluorene
Nitrofurazone
1-[(5-Nitrofurfurylidene)amino]-2-imidazollidinone
1-[(5-Nitrofurfurylidene)-N-[4-(5-Nitro-2-furyl)-2 thiazolyl]acetamide
Nitrogen mustard (Mechlorethamine)
Nitrogen mustard hydrochloride (Mechlorethamine hydrochloride)
Nitrogen mustard N-oxide
Nitrogen mustard N-oxide hydrochloride
2-Nitropropane
4-Nitropyrene
N-Nitrosodi-n-butylamine
N-Nitrosodiethanolamine
N-Nitrosodiethylamine
N-Nitrosodimethylamine
p-Nitrosodiphenylamine
N-Nitrosodiphenylamine
N-Nitrosodi-n-propylamine
N-Nitroso-N-ethylurea
3-(N-Nitrosomethylamino)propionitrile
4-(N-Nitrosomethylamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK)
N-Nitrosomethylethylamine
N-Nitroso-N-methylurea
N-Nitroso-N-methylurethane
N-Nitrosomethylvinylamine
N-Nitrosomorpholine
N-Nitrosonornicotine
N-Nitrosopiperidine
N-Nitrosopyrrolidine
N-Nitrososarcosine
Norethisterone (Norethindrone)

O

Ochratoxin A
Oestrogen, nonstreoidal
Oestrogen, steroidal
Oil Orange SS
4,4'-Oxydianiline
Oxadiazon
Oxymetholone
Oxazepam

P

Panfuran S
Pentachlorophenol
Phenacetin
Phenazopyridine hydrochloride
Phenesterin
Phenobarbital
Phenoxybenzamine
Phenoxybenzamine hydrochloride
Phenyl glycidyl ether
Phenylhydrazine and its salts
o-Phenylphenate, sodium
Phenytoin
PhiP(2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazol[4,5-b]pyridine)
Polybrominated biphenyls
Polychlorinated biphenyls
Polychlorinated biphenyls (containing 60 or more percent chlorine by molecular weight)
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins
Polychlorinated dibenzofurans
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Polygeenan
Ponceau MX
Ponceau 3R
Potassium bromate
Procarbazine
Procarbazine hydrochloride
Procymidone
Progesterone
Progestins
1,3-Propane sultone
Progargite
beta-Propiolactone
Propylene oxide
Propylthiouracil
Pyridinium chlorochromate

R

Radionuclides
Radon
Reserpine
Residual (heavy) fuel oils
Rhodamine 101

S

Saccharin
Saccharin, sodium
Safrole
Selenium sulfide
Shale-oils
Silica, crystalline (airborne particles of respirable size)
Sodium dichromate
Sodium hexafluoroarsenate(V)
Sodium ortho-phenylphenate Sterigmatocystin
Streptozotocin
Styrene
Styrene oxide
Sulfallate
Sulphur trioxide
Sulphur trioxide N,N-dimethylformamide complex

T

Talc containing asbestiform fibers
Terrazole
Testosterone and its esters
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin (TCDD)
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene)
p-a,a,a-Tetrachlorotoluene
3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine
Tetranitromethane
Thioacetamide
4,4'-Thiodianiline
Thiourea
Thorium dioxide
Tobacco, oral use of smokeless products
Tobacco smoke
Toluene diisocyanate
p-toluenesulphonic acid
ortho-Toluidine
ortho-Toluidine hydrochloride
para-Toluidine
Toxaphene (Polychorinated camphenes)
Treosulfan (Tresoluphan)
Trichlormethine (Trimustine hydrochloride)
2,4,6-Trichlorophenol
1,2,3-Trichloropropane
Triphenyltin hydroxide
Trichloroethylene
Tris(aziridinyl)-para-benzoquinone (Triaziquone)
Tris(1-aziridinyl)phosphine sulfide (Thiotepa)
Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate
Tris(2,3-dibromopropyl)phosphate
TRIZMA base
Trp-P-1 (Tryptophan-P-1) (3-Amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole)
Trp-P-2 (Tryptophan-P-2) (3-Amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole)
Trypan blue

U

Uracil mustard
Urethane (Ethyl carbamate)

V

Vinyl bromide
Vinyl chloride
4-Vinyl-1-cyclohexene diepoxide (Vinyl cyclohexene dioxide)
n-vinyl pyrollidone
Vinyl trichloride (1,1,2-Trichloroethane)

X

2,6-Xylidine (2,6-Dimethylaniline)

Z

Zineb


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Signature: Dhanlal De Lloyd, Chem. Dept, The University of The West Indies, St. Augustine campus
The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
Copyright: delloyd2000© All rights reserved.