C3OF labscripts and labguides. Analytical chemistry experiments.It includes UV-VIS, Fluorescence, AA, GC, FIA and ISE analysis methods.
ACIDS AND BASES
Data on concentrated acids, bases and ammonia. How to dilute and make up 1 M solutions.
Practical and theoretical considerations: info on similar stationary phases, GC columns, detectors, polysiloxanes, and troubleshooting.
HPLC troubleshooting : leaks, peaks, baseline, back pressure etc. Column cleaning and changing column frits.
Instrumentation, graphite furnace, mercury cold vapor and hydride generation. Spectral lines and AA interferences. Preparation of 1000ppm standards.
The EM radiation spectrum explained. Frequencies and wavelengths used in Analytical Spectroscopy. Commercial and wireless applications.
PARTS PER MILLION
Serial dilutions. How to calculate parts per million concentrations and volumes, ppm conversions to molarity etc..
Laboratory waste management. Disposal of aflatoxin wastes and solvent peroxides. Laboratory safety.Fires and fire extinguishers.
Incompatible chemicals. Storekeeping hazards. List of chemicals that react violently when they come in contact with each other and should not be stored together.
Instrument and experimental.
PAH,PCB,Pb,As,Hg, pesticides, dioxins, aflatoxins. LD50 dosage,TLV threshold limits,MAC values.
How to prepare a standard buffer 4 or 7, and methods for the preparation of other buffers in range 1 - 13
Laboratory tubing selection guide. Plastics used in making laboratory apparatus. Cleaning plasticware.
Contaminants in drinking water, sources of origen and health effects. Sea water. Chemical composition, salt, metal contents
The use of carcinogens by industry to generate useful products. A listing of known and suspected carcinogens.
Std US UK sieve mesh sizes and size conversions. Also, syringes guage size number and size conversions.
BP, SG, Flash point of drying agents. How to prepare pure dry solvents using extruded sodium wire. Disposal of spent sodium.
250ml Volumetric analysis standards and solutions. Acib base, Oxidation/reduction, and Precipitation titrations. Concentrations in both Molarity and Normality.
The preparation of pH, adsorption, redox, and metal ion indicators used in acid base and EDTA complexometric titrations..
List of metals detected by EDTA complexation. Masking agents, buffers, indicators used, pH and color change.
Preparation of reagents and solutions for organic qualitative analysis. Reagents specific to class reactions and functional groups.
Preparation of test reagents for chemical analysis, side bench reagents, and special reagents.
Chromatography spray reagents. Included is a chromatography spray index as an aid to selection and identification.
Operation of the Kjeldahl microprocessor digestion and titration apparatus, for the determination of nitrogen.
ION SELECTIVE ELECTRODE
A comparative look at the pH and ion selective electrode. Addition methods, ISE filling solution, TISAB buffers, ISA, ppm and molarity.
Different types of the ph combination electrode. Uses, operation, maintainance and troubleshooting.
Some solvents mix with each other and some do not. Here is a list of such immiscible solvents.